# What is the difference between Singapore Math and Russian Math?

Emma

Last Update 8 months ago

Singapore Math and Russian Math are two different approaches to teaching mathematics, originating from Singapore and Russia, respectively. While both approaches emphasize problem-solving and critical thinking skills, there are some differences in their methodologies and focus.

1. **Curriculum and Structure:**

*Singapore Math*: The Singapore Math curriculum follows a concrete-pictorial-abstract (CPA) approach, where students start with hands-on manipulatives to understand mathematical concepts, then progress to visual representations before moving to abstract symbols and equations.

*Russian Math*: Russian Math curriculum often emphasizes a more formal and rigorous approach, focusing on building a strong foundation in mathematical concepts and problem-solving techniques.

2. **Problem-solving:**

*Singapore Math*: The Singapore Math approach places a significant emphasis on problem-solving and developing a deep understanding of mathematical concepts. It often uses model drawing techniques to solve complex word problems.

*Russian Math*: Russian Math also emphasizes problem-solving, but it may include more challenging and abstract problems that require higher-level thinking skills.

3. **Approach to Arithmetic:**

*Singapore Math*: Singapore Math focuses on developing a solid understanding of fundamental arithmetic operations, such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. It utilizes visual models and strategies to build conceptual understanding before introducing standard algorithms.

*Russian Math*: Russian Math also emphasizes arithmetic operations but may introduce formal algorithms at an earlier stage. It focuses on building computational fluency and accuracy.

**4. Geometry and Proof:**

*Singapore Math*: The Singapore Math curriculum includes a strong focus on geometry and encourages students to explore geometric concepts through hands-on activities and visual representations.

*Russian Math*: Russian Math curriculum typically places a greater emphasis on algebraic concepts and problem-solving rather than extensive geometry.

It's important to note that these descriptions provide a general overview, and the actual implementation and specific curriculum content may vary across different schools, programs, or textbooks.

Additionally, educational systems and approaches evolve over time, so there may be variations within each method.

Ultimately, the choice between Singapore Math and Russian Math depends on various factors, including the goals of the mathematics program, student preferences and needs, and the resources available.

Both approaches have their strengths and can be effective in developing mathematical proficiency and problem-solving skills.